|25 Aug||PEC Zwolle||-||PSV Eindhoven||PEC Zwolle Stadion|
|01 Sep||PSV Eindhoven||-||Willem II||Philips Stadion|
|15 Sep||ADO Den||-||PSV Eindhoven||Kyocera Stadion|
|23 Sep||PSV Eindhoven||-||Ajax||Philips Stadion|
|29 Sep||NAC Breda||-||PSV Eindhoven||Rat Verlegh Stadion|
|18 Aug||Fortuna Sittard||1 - 2||PSV Eindhoven||Trendwork Arena|
|11 Aug||PSV Eindhoven||4 - 0||FC Utrecht||Philips Stadion|
|06 May||PSV Eindhoven||0 - 0||FC Groningen||Philips Stadion|
|29 Apr||ADO Den||3 - 3||PSV Eindhoven||Kyocera Stadion|
|18 Apr||Roda JC||2 - 2||PSV Eindhoven||Parkstad Limburg Stadion|
Philips Sport Vereniging, abbreviated as PSV and internationally known as PSV Eindhoven is a sports club from Eindhoven, The Netherlands. It is best known for its professional football department, currently playing in the Eredivisie, and is one of the country's "big three" clubs who have dominated Dutch football (and who are the only three clubs that have never been relegated from the top division).
The club was founded in 1913 as a team for Philips employees. PSV’s history contains two golden eras revolving around the UEFA Cup victory in 1978 and the 1987–88 European Cup victory as part of the continental treble in 1988. The team has won the Eredivisie 21 times, the domestic cup nine times and the Johan Cruijff Shield nine times. Currently, PSV is 28th on the UEFA club coefficients ranking. Throughout the years, PSV established itself as a stepping stone for future world class players like Ruud Gullit, Romário, Ronaldo, Ruud van Nistelrooy and Arjen Robben.
Since its foundation, it has played in the Philips Stadion and has upheld its club colours (red and white). Its elaborate connection with Philips can be witnessed in its sponsoring, shared technology and board member ties. Fans have named themselves 'boeren' (Dutch pronunciaTo serve the need for activities with Philips employees, the company founded its own football team in 1910: the Philips Elftal. Its ground was the Philips Sportpark, located on the same location as the present day stadium. Financial turmoil and worker strikes led to a quick demise of the team and in 1913, its successor emerged: the Philips Sport Vereniging was founded on 31 August. It was the day that Philips organized celebrations and sports competitions in light of the centennial defeat of the French in the Napoleonic Wars. It was not until 1916 though, that the football department switched its name from Philips Elftal to PSV. Because of World War I, the first possibility to enter a league was in the 1915-16 season. The club's first ever match was a 3-2 defeat against Willem II Reserves on 19 September 1915. The team did achieve promotion that season to a newly created Third Division of the Brabantian FA. Under the guidance of coach Wout Buitenweg, PSV got promoted in 1918 and 1921 as well, eventually reaching the Eerste Klasse. The team got relegated in 1925, but its stint in the Second Division only lasted one year when PSV got promoted again. Since 1926, PSV has always played in the highest possible domestic league.
That year, defender Sjef van Run was brought in and a year later Jan van den Broek joined PSV; two players that would shape the squad in the coming years. Behind the scenes, Frans Otten became chairman of the entire PSV sports union. He was responsible for bringing the club to a new level with new accommodations and stadium expansions. After winning the district league in 1929, PSV entered the championship play-offs. In that competition, it won 6 out of 8 matches. A 5-1 win against Velocitas from Groningen meant that PSV was crowned league champions for the first time. In the following three years, PSV won the district league every year, but it could not win the play-offs until 1935. In that year, the team secured the second championship ever in a 2-1 victory against DWS.
Due to World War II, attendances decreased significantly and in 1940, PSV player Johan Brusselers died in combat. After the war, PSV signed two new strikers: Piet Fransen in 1948 and Coen Dillen in 1949. In 1950, PSV got its first post-war success when the team defeated HFC Haarlem in the KNVB Cup final; the match ended in 4-3 after extra-time. A year later, PSV won the district title after EVV failed to win their final match. Even though coach Sam Wadsworth resigned during the championship play-offs, the title was won after a 2-1 win over Willem II. The 1950-51 season was Dillen’s breakthrough, scoring 21 times and earning the nickname ‘The Canon’. Besides Dillen and Fransen, a memorable player of the early 1950s success was goalkeeper Lieuwe Steiger, who ended up playing 383 matches for PSV.
In 1955, PSV became the first Dutch club to enter the European Champion Clubs' Cup. The two matches against SK Rapid Wien ended in 1-6 and 1-0. Other success in the fifties remained absent but in the 1956-57 season, Dillen scored 43 times – a Dutch record that still stands today. The approaching sixties marked a shift in player’s heritage; the team went from mostly Brabantian men to players nationwide. Representative for this policy were defender Roel Wiersma, who arrived in 1954 and captained the team for a decade, and Piet van der Kuil, who came from Ajax for 59,000 euro (PSV's biggest transfer fee so far). Dillen left the club in 1961 after being club top scorer every year from 1953 to 1960. In 1962, Otten also decided to quit as chairman of the sports union. By then, board member Ben van Gelder had gradually started to mold the club in his way. Throughout the next two decades, he became responsible for turning PSV into a full-fledged professional organization., Dutch for either peasants or farmers), taking pride in Eindhoven's status of being a provincial city and their Brabantian heritage.
In the 1962-63 season, marking PSV’s fifty-year anniversary, the club appointed Bram Appel as the new coach. The first results were disastrous though, with a mere six points from the first six fixtures. A sudden revival led to a first place at the winter break and a 5-2 victory over Ajax in June meant that PSV could celebrate its fourth league title, with Pierre Kerkhofs leading the goal scorer charts with twenty-two goals. The following year, PSV ended second in the league but more significantly, reached the Europa Cup I quarter-finals for the first time, where it was eliminated by FC Zürich. Appel remained coach for five years; the position was later on followed up with short stints by Milan Nikolić and Wim Blokland. Willy van der Kuijlen was signed in 1964, who produced 23 league goals in 1966 and became the league’s top scorer at age 20.
Between 1968 and 1972, Kurt Linder coached PSV. His team reached two Dutch cup finals and the semi-finals of the European Cup Winners' Cup. Van der Kuijlen had trouble fulfilling his promise after an encouraging career start in the sixties, though - partly because of a lack of chemistry between him and Linder’s harsh coaching style. The early seventies in football were dominated by Ajax and Feyenoord and it was not until the appointment of Kees Rijvers as coach in 1972 that would mark the start of increasing success for PSV. With Van der Kuijlen and goalkeeper Jan van Beveren as the stars of the team, Rijvers created a new squad by signing Ralf Edström, Gerrie Deijkers and the twins Willy and René van der Kerkhof. Things improved for Van der Kuijlen when Rijvers built the team around him, giving him a free role in the process. Van der Kuijlen, a technical player, formed a successful striker partnership with Edström, who was famed for his heading ability. It led to a Dutch cup victory in 1974, and after a blistering season start (no defeats in the first season half) and 28 goals by Van der Kuijlen, PSV also won the league for the fifth time in 1975.
A year later, PSV managed to win its first ‘double’. With defender Huub Stevens joining the team, the league title was secured after a 4-1 result against Feyenoord. Earlier, a 1-0 victory over Roda JC meant that PSV won the national cup as well. In the European Cup, the final was only narrowly missed after a 1-0 aggregate loss against AS Saint-Étienne in the semi-finals. After the two consecutive titles, PSV ended second in 1977. The following year, Edström left the squad but PSV nonetheless enjoyed a strong league campaign. In April 1978, the team secured the title without a single loss. The domestic cup ended early after a shocking 1-6 first round loss against FC Wageningen (PSV’s biggest home loss ever to date). The UEFA Cup campaign proved to be more successful; after wins against Glenavon, Widzew Lodz, Eintracht Braunschweig and 1. FC Magdeburg, the team faced FC Barcelona. A 3-0 win in the first leg was nullified by the Catalans in the return leg, but a single goal by Nick Deacy in Camp Nou meant that PSV could progress with a 4-3 aggregate win. The two-legged final against SC Bastia first produced a goalless draw in the first match. The return leg in Eindhoven ended in a 3-0 win, with goals by Willy van de Kerkhof, Deijkers and Van der Kuijlen, giving PSV its first European trophy.
After the UEFA Cup victory, the team chemistry started to suffer, which was reflected in the results. Not long after a 6-0 UEFA Cup loss against Saint-Etienne, Rijvers was sacked and the squad disintegrated. Van Beveren, unhappy with the declining success and Rijvers’ departure, left for the United States after 291 league games and years of captaincy. Van Gelder also quit in 1980 and was replaced by Kees Ploegsma. Even though PSV invested in players like Hallvar Thoresen and Jurrie Koolhof, success remained absent. Thijs Libregts' (coach from 1980 until 1983) highest league position was the second place and in 1983, Jan Reker took over. A clash between Van der Kuijlen and Libregts led to the former’s departure in 1982 after nearly 18 seasons at the club.
In 1985, chairman Jacques Ruts and Ploegsma decided on a change of direction: Hans Kraay became the new director of football (supervising Reker in 1985-86, and taking over altogether in 1986-87) and PSV started to sign players with flair, like Ruud Gullit, Søren Lerby, Gerald Vanenburg and Eric Gerets. Gullit, who quickly was appointed as captain, contributed to the team that headed the league table for the majority of the 1985–86 Eredivisie and claimed the title after an 8-2 win against Go Ahead Eagles. Being unhappy with his personal development, Gullit heavily criticized PSV and Kraay in a March 1987 interview. The management’s subsequent warning was deemed too lenient by Kraay, who resigned. Gullit’s strained relationship with the club meant that he left for A.C. Milan in the summer for a world record fee of 7,7 million euro. Earlier that year, Guus Hiddink replaced Kraay and Ronald Koeman joined PSV. That season, the squad suffered early eliminations from the Dutch cup and European Cup, but secured the title in the penultimate match.
The 1987-88 season turned out to be PSV’s best year in history. The Eredivisie was won four matches before the end after many high scoring matches, leading up to 117 goals. The cup was also won after beating Roda JC 3-2 after extra time. The European Cup campaign started with wins against Fenerbahçe and Rapid Wien. Subsequently, PSV managed to reach the final with only draws. The quarter finals against Bordeaux were decided by Wim Kieft’s away goal. A vicious foul by Hans Gillhaus on Jean Tigana was praised by Koeman, which prompted UEFA to suspend him for the semi-final return leg against Real Madrid. Again, an away goal in the first leg (a notoriously lethargic shot by Edward Linskens in Bernabéu) meant that the second leg’s 0-0 was enough to proceed. The final against Benfica, held in Stuttgart, remained goalless. In the penalty shoot-out, Van Breukelen saved Benfica’s sixth penalty by António Veloso, which meant that PSV had won the European Cup and completed the treble.
After the summer break, Willy van de Kerkhof, present at both the 1978 and 1988 triumphs, was honored with a farewell match. The 1988-89 season again resulted in the double: Hiddink’s squad won the title (albeit with less dominance than the year before) and PSV beat Groningen in the cup final. In comparison, the international competitions were disappointing. The Intercontinental Cup against Nacional ended in a 2-2 draw, but PSV lost the penalty shoot-out with 7-6. The team was also beaten in the UEFA Super Cup by KV Mechelen (3-1 on aggregate). In the European Cup, Real Madrid got its revenge by eliminating PSV in the quarter-finals.
After the European Cup win, PSV outsmarted many clubs by signing Romário. After a first season with 19 league goals, his hat-trick in the November 1989 match against Steaua București (5-1) - including a memorable solo effort – was his big breakthrough. In 1989, after Koeman left, PSV ended second in the league, but won the KNVB Cup after defeating Vitesse (1-0). Hiddink left the team in 1990, to be replaced by Bobby Robson. In his two seasons at the club, PSV won two league titles; the first one on goal difference (with Ajax) and the second one in the penultimate match against Groningen. Meanwhile, Romário - league top scorer in 1989, 1990 and 1991 - was admired by fans, but sometimes also renounced by the squad for being unprofessional and selfish. Robson had frequent clashes with Romário, but the striker never changed his ways. These events, plus the lack of European success meant that Robson was let go in 1992. While Gerets retired, Hans Westerhof took over as coach, but only won the Super Cup in his single season at the helm. In 1993, Romário was transferred to FC Barcelona. Westerhof was replaced by Aad de Mos, who led the team to the third place.
Early in the 1994-95 season, De Mos was fired and replaced by Dick Advocaat (after Kees Rijvers temporarily took over). PSV saw Van Breukelen retiring and signed Luc Nilis in 1994, who formed a powerful duo with another signing: a 17-year old Ronaldo. The Brazilian striker scored 30 goals in his debut season, while Nilis was named Dutch Footballer of the Year in an otherwise trophy-less year. After an injury-filled 1995-96 season where he still managed 12 goals, Ronaldo left for Barcelona. That season, PSV won the cup after a 5-2 win against Sparta. In the 1996-97 season, when Harry van Raaij became chairman, Advocaat had created a team with players like Phillip Cocu, Jaap Stam, Boudewijn Zenden and Wim Jonk. It led to the Eredivisie title, with Nilis becoming league top goalscorer (21 goals). In the 1997-98 season, the team came in second behind Ajax in both league and cup. It resulted in Cocu, Stam, Zenden, Jonk and Advocaat leaving PSV, forcing the club to build a new squad. Robson temporarily returned in 1998 for one year so that desired coach Eric Gerets could get his coaching badges. Again, Nilis showed to be highly compatible with a poacher-type striker; new signing Ruud van Nistelrooy scored 31 times in his first season. In the season's last round, PSV beat FC Utrecht 3-2 with a last-minute goal by Arnold Bruggink – just enough for Champions League qualification.
In the 1999-2000 season, Van Nistelrooy bagged 29 goals after just 23 matches, but after two serious injuries an imminent transfer to Manchester United was forced to be postponed for a year. PSV were comfortably crowned league champions in Gerets’ debut year, creating a 16 point-gap with runner-up Heerenveen. The 2000–01 Eredivisie was also won with new striker Mateja Kežman, who replaced Van Nistelrooy and the departed Nilis. The cup final was lost to FC Twente after penalties. In the UEFA Cup, PSV faced 1. FC Kaiserslautern at home; fans threatening to storm the field during the match prompted Gerets and some players to personally intervene. PSV was fined by UEFA and forced to play a European match on neutral ground. After Van Nistelrooy left, PSV ended second in the 2001-02 season and got eliminated in the UEFA Cup quarter-finals by Feyenoord.
Gerets was released and Guus Hiddink returned to the club as coach and director of football, with Arjen Robben, Park Ji-Sung, Lee Young-Pyo joining PSV. Their first season immediately brought a league title, secured in the last match against Groningen. But in the 2003-04 season, PSV failed to reclaim the championship. In 2004, the PSV board clashed with Hiddink and Van Raaij concerning the expenditures. Van Raaij left in September and Hiddink never got along with his successor Rob Westerhof, who sided with the board. Even though Kežman and Robben left in 2004, Hiddink had gradually built a powerful squad, with Gomes, Alex, Park, Lee, Van Bommel and the returning Phillip Cocu. The Eredivisie was won five matches before the end and Willem II was beaten in the cup final. After eight consecutive Champions League group stage eliminations, PSV reached the knockout stage. There, they beat AS Monaco 2-1 on aggregate and Olympique Lyonnais after penalties. The first semi-final against AC Milan was lost 2-0. In the return, PSV took a 2-0 lead but a late goal by Massimo Ambrosini ended the hope to reach the final, despite an injury-time third goal by Cocu.
After the 2004-05 season, Van Bommel, Vogel, Park and Lee left. With new signing Timmy Simons and youth prospect Ibrahim Afellay, PSV reached the Champions League knockout stage again. In that round, Olympique Lyonnais revenged PSV by winning 5-0 on aggregate. The team did win the league, but lost the cup final to Ajax. Afterwards, Hiddink left and Ronald Koeman replaced him. Westerhof, who lost support from the board, resigned soon after Hiddink’s departure. Jan Reker became general manager. During the 2006–07 season, league leaders PSV squandered a 12-point lead, enabling AZ and Ajax to equal their 72 points before the last round. A surprise AZ defeat in the last fixture meant that PSV’s 5-1 victory against Vitesse was enough to edge the title win; PSV had a single goal difference with Ajax. Koeman was criticised by the board after losing a big lead, but was eventually allowed to remain as coach. In the 2007-08 season, after Cocu and Alex left, the team was disqualified from the KNVB Cup after fielding a suspended Manuel da Costa. In October, Koeman took up the coaching job at Valencia, prompting PSV to first appoint Jan Wouters and then Sef Vergoossen as caretakers. The fourth title in a row was won in the last match, again against Vitesse. After the title, Gomes and director of football Stan Valckx voiced criticism towards Reker, forcing the club to choose between Reker and Gomes. Subsequently, Reker sacked Valckx and sold Gomes to Tottenham Hotspur.
Huub Stevens returned as coach in 2008, but disappointing performances and clashes between Stevens and the squad resulted in his resignation six months later. Caretaker Dwight Lodeweges wrapped up the season with a fourth place. The following year, Fred Rutten was appointed as coach. In his first two seasons, PSV reached the third place twice. Meanwhile, the club experienced liquidity problems, but secured its future through loans and property sales. Key players Afellay and Balázs Dzsudzsák were sold and as a consequence, director of football Marcel Brands spent 25 million euro to improve the squad. But in the 2011-12 season, the team dropped out of the title race early again, which led to Rutten’s dismissal. Phillip Cocu finished the season as caretaker, leading the team to a third place and a KNVB Cup after beating Heracles Almelo. For the 2012-13 season, Dick Advocaat became head coach, while Mark van Bommel returned from A.C. Milan. Despite 103 league goals, the team ended as runner-up in both Eredivisie and KNVB Cup. Advocaat, who struggled with the job’s intensity, left after one season. In 2013, Cocu was appointed as head coach.
Marco van Gink
Luuk de Jong
Jordy de Wijs